Hello friends, today we are going to make one simple mini project on fire alarm. In this mini project we will make a fire alarm circuit using timer IC (IC555) and thermistor. Here we are using a thermistor sensor to sense the fire. The working principle of fire alarm circuit depends upon working principle of thermistor (i.e. thermistor changes its resistance as temperature changes). Thus when temperature of thermistor increases because of fire its resistance also changes.
Following figure shows the circuit diagram of fire alarm using IC555 mini project:
Following components are required for making fire alarm circuit (mini project).
VR1 = 10 K ohms Variable Resistor which is used for varying the sensitivity of circuit.
R3, R7, R8 = 470 Ω
R2 = 33 K Ω
R4 = 560 Ω
R5 = 47 KΩ
R6 = 2.2 KΩ
C1 = 10 µF/16V
C2 = 0.04 µF
C3 = 0.01 µF
IC1 = NE555 (timer IC)
T1 = BC548
T2 = BC558
T3 = SL100B or (NPN transistors like 2N4922 , 2N4921,2N4238)
D1 = 1N4001
TH1 = Thermistor 10 KΩ
LS1 = 8 Ω, 1W speaker
Working of fire alarm circuit:
In this fire alarm mini project three components are very important i.e. thermistor, IC 555 (which is timer IC) and third one is transistor which is used to drive the circuit.
The timer IC used in this circuit works as an astable multivibrator oscillator which is used to oscillate in audio frequency band. As stated earlier timer IC is driven by two transistors T1 and T2. The frequency of timer IC 555 depends upon the values of resistors R5 and R6 and capacitor C2. The loudspeaker which is used for fire alarm is connected to the pin no 3 of timer IC through transistor T3.
When temperature of thermistor increases it causes a low resistance path for a current flowing towards base of transistor.
For this type of fire alarm circuit we can use a power supply of 6V to 12V.
1) Thermistor do not have polarity.
2) Following figure shows the pin out diagram of timer IC 555:
Hi friends, in this article we will see one simple mini project for electronics and electrical engineering students. We all are familiar with electric fan regulator which we use for varying the fan speed. The basic principle behind regulator is a change of resistance.
This article is written by Mohamed Maricar & Modified by Mayuresh Joshi
Cheap and Best Electrical Fan Regulator
Fig (A): shows the full view of connection diagram of the product
Fig (B): shows full view of the product and external side
Fig (C): shows the PCB without resistance
One Resistance = Rs. 0.15
28 Resistances = Rs.4.20
One PCB = Rs.5.00
One Rotator Switch = Rs. 8.00
One Plastics Cabinet = Rs.5.00
Total Cost = Rs. 22.20 Rupees Only
Steps to build electric fan regulator:
First, we have to take PCB as shown in Fig (C)
Then we put the Resistance and solder in PCB holes as shown in fig(A)
Now we connect PCB ends with rotator switch as in fig (A)
We connect rotator switch with AC supply
Now if we vary the rotator switch we can get the different speed of motor
1. The Resistance network is used to drop the voltages in five steps that are level
2. The first step 13 volts dropped second steps 26 v third step 39v fourth step 53v
3. By dropping the five level used to vary the speed of motor
4. By dropping voltages we can vary the speed of electrical fan motor
What is my idea?
My idea is to design a new circuit to reduce the cost and increase the performance of the product
What does it do?
It regulates the speed of electric fan motor by dropping a.c. voltage in different level
How does it work?
It is working by Ohms law and circuit theory principles
What makes my idea Unique?
Cheap and best
Advantages of my product
Low power loss
Low heat loss
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